Basic Principles of Accounting

0
40

Basic Principles of Accounting 

Basic Principles of Accounting and Concepts are a set of broad conventions that have been devised to provide a basic framework for financial reporting. As financial reporting involves significant professional judgments by accountants, these concepts and principles ensure that the users of financial information are not mislead by the adoption of accounting policies and practices that go against the spirit of the accountancy profession.

GAAP contains a broad set of principles that have been developed by the accounting profession and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

You May Also like to Read

Accountants must therefore actively consider whether the accounting treatments adopted are consistent with the accounting concepts and principles.

 

Basic Principles of Accounting
Basic Principles of Accounting

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles – GAAP

The common set of accounting principles, standards and procedures that companies use to compile their financial statements. GAAP are a combination of authoritative standards (set by policy boards) and simply the commonly accepted ways of recording and reporting accounting information.

In order to ensure application of the accounting concepts and principles, major accounting standard-setting bodies have incorporated them into their reporting frameworks such as the IASB Framework.

Following is a list of the major

Basic Accounting Principles and Concepts:

  1. Relevance
  2. Reliability
  3. Matching Concept
  4. Timeliness
  5. Neutrality
  6. Faithful Representation
  7. Prudence
  8. Completeness
  9. Single Economic Entity Concept
  10. Money Measurement Concept
  11. Comparability/Consistency
  12. Understandability
  13. Materiality
  14. Going Concern
  15. Accruals
  16. Business Entity
  17. Substance over Form
  18. Realization Concept
  19. Duality Concef